Qalhat city dates back to pre-Islamic instances. The port city on Oman’s Indian Ocean coast was when a crucial hub for trade in goods which includes Arabian horses to Chinese porcelain, according to the Omani submission. The case of Qalhat also demonstrates the energy females could hold in Arabian society at the time.
“In the 13th century the governor Ayaz split his presence between Hormuz and Qalhat, which in his absence was ruled by his wife Maryam,” the submission reads. “She, Bibi Maryam, is said to have built the Great Friday Mosque and a mausoleum for her late husband. She continued ruling after her husband’s death until at least 1319.”
The website, which is positioned on the east coast of Oman, contains the ancient city of Qalhat, surrounded by inner and outer walls, as effectively as locations beyond the ramparts exactly where necropolises are positioned. The city created as a main port on the east coast of Arabia among the 11th and 15th centuries CE, in the course of the reign of the Hormuz princes. Today, it bears distinctive archaeological testimony to the trade hyperlinks among the east coast of Arabia, East Africa, India, China and Southeast Asia.
Oman produced an official nomination to the Unesco World Heritage Committee for inscription of Ancient City of Qalhat in 2016. Oman’s other Unesco globe heritage web sites are Aflaj Irrigations Systems of Oman, Archeological Sites of Bat, Al Khutm and Al Ayn, Bahla Fort, and Land of Frankincense.
GCC Countries with Un World Heritage Sites
Saudi Arabia: five
Other Omani web sites on the tentative list:
Forts of Rustaq and Al Hazm
Halaniyat Islands Proposed Nature Reserve
Barr al Hikman Proposed Nature Reserve
Jebel Samhan Nature Reserve
Damaniyat Islands Nature Reserve
Ras al Hadd Turtle Reserve and the Heritage Site of Ras al Jinz
Cultural landscape of Bisya & Salut and its Archaeological Remains
Information Source: Muscat Daily