Thirteen laboratory-confirmed cases of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) have been reported in Oman in 2019 till February finish. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), “At the end of February 2019, a total of 2,374 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS, including 823 associated deaths were reported globally. A majority of these cases were from Saudi Arabia (1,983 cases, including 745 related deaths).” In February, a total of 76 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS had been reported globally: 68 from Saudi Arabia with ten connected deaths and eight from Oman with two deaths.
From January 29 to the finish of February, a total of 52 laboratory-confirmed cases with seven connected deaths have been reported for this outbreak: a single suspected index, 3 unknown exposures, ten sporadic main cases, 38 secondary cases (seven household contacts and 31 hospital-acquired cases, such as 11 healthcare workers).
“In Oman, four additional secondary cases have been linked to the cluster previously reported in January and a new non-linked cluster of four cases (including one healthcare worker) with two deaths reported as well. The new cluster includes one suspected index case and three secondary cases.” In January, 19 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS had been reported globally – 14 from Saudi Arabia with 3 connected deaths and 5 cases from Oman with two connected deaths.
“The cluster reported from Oman included five females (age range 30-59) living in the same region. Of these, four were secondary cases, identified through contact tracing of the first case detected on January 24,” WHO added. “Prior to this event, Oman has reported 11 laboratory-confirmed cases of MERS-CoV infection to WHO since 2012.”
The demographic and epidemiological qualities of reported cases, when compared in the course of the identical corresponding period of 2013 to 2019, do not show any substantial distinction or modify, except for the boost in the quantity of secondary cases and healthcare worker cases due to the hospital outbreak this month.
The age group 50-59 years continues to be at highest danger for acquiring infection of main cases. The age group 30-39 years is most at danger for secondary cases. The quantity of deaths is larger in the age group 50-59 years for main cases and 70-79 years for secondary cases.
Information Source: Muscat Daily