Qalhat city dates back to pre-Islamic instances. The port city on Oman’s Indian Ocean coast was when a important hub for trade in goods such as Arabian horses to Chinese porcelain, according to the Omani submission. The case of Qalhat also demonstrates the energy females could hold in Arabian society at the time.
“In the 13th century… the governor Ayaz split his presence between Hormuz and Qalhat, which in his absence was ruled by his wife Maryam,” the submission reads.
“She, Bibi Maryam, is said to have built the Great Friday Mosque and a mausoleum for her late husband. She continued ruling after her husband’s death until at least 1319.”
The website, which is positioned on the east coast of Oman, contains the ancient city of Qalhat, surrounded by inner and outer walls, as effectively as places beyond the ramparts exactly where necropolises are positioned. The city created as a significant port on the east coast of Arabia among the 11th and 15th centuries CE, throughout the reign of the Hormuz princes. Today, it bears distinctive archaeological testimony to the trade hyperlinks among the east coast of Arabia, East Africa, India, China and Southeast Asia.
Oman had produced an official nomination to the Unesco World Heritage Committee for inscription of Ancient City of Qalhat in 2016.
For inclusion on the World Heritage List, web sites need to be of outstanding universal worth and meet at least 1 out of ten choice criteria. Oman has nominated Qalhat website below criterion quantity III, V and VI.
Under Criterion III, a website need to bear a distinctive or at least exceptional testimony to a cultural tradition or to a civilisation which is living or which has disappeared.
Criterion V relates to an outstanding instance of a conventional human settlement, land-use, or sea-use which is representative of a culture (or cultures), or human interaction with the atmosphere particularly when it has grow to be vulnerable below the influence of irreversible alter.
While below Criterion VI, a website need to be straight or tangibly connected with events or living traditions, with tips, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary operates of outstanding universal significance.
Saudi Arabia’s lush Al Ahsa oasis is dotted with however-to-be-excavated archaeological web sites, and carries traces of human occupation dating back to the Neolithic instances. Al Ahsa ‘was a commercial centre for the Hajar territory of Bahrain,’ reads the Saudi submission to Unesco.
“Archaeological evidence shows that it exchanged products from southern Arabia and Persia as well as throughout the Arabian Peninsula.”
Information Source: Muscat Daily