Tuesday, 15 Oct 2019 | 16 Safar 1441
Mudhaibi shows evidence of oldest copper smelting operations

Mudhaibi shows proof of oldest copper smelting operations

This is 1 of the most essential archaeological web sites in Oman, exactly where most recent discoveries hint at the oldest proof of copper smelting operations dating back to the starting of the third millennium BC.

The excavations had been carried out in cooperation with a German delegation from the University of Tubingen. It was the fourth season of archaeological research on the web site, which started in 2015.

The outcomes of excavations in the prior seasons confirmed that the web site consists of archaeological proof of settlements and stone towers dating back to the fourth and third centuries BC.

In this season, excavations had been completed in the mud-trench surrounded settlement, which was uncovered in the prior seasons and date back to 2800 BC or the Hafeet period. More remains of the mud-brick foundations had been identified, as nicely as a water nicely positioned in the middle of the trench.

One of the most essential discoveries identified in this settlement is workshops for producing beads and stone pounders, which had been most likely employed for smelting and copper production.

The team continued to excavate a stone tower dating back to the finish of the fourth millennium BC, positioned 1km from the mud settlement.

The tower is the oldest circular developing of the Majan Civilisation. The excavations showed that the tower was initial constructed with mud bricks and later a stone wall was added as an alternative of the mud wall. The tower contains mud rooms.

One of the most essential archaeological discoveries in this web site is the discovery of the oldest proof of copper smelting operations in the sultanate dating back to the starting of the third millennium BC.

It is an essential archaeological proof that confirms the production of copper in the Majan Civilisation and its exportation to the civilisations of Mesopotamia.

This is a new material proof that proves what it is pointed out by the cuneiform texts identified in Mesopotamia, which indicated that the export of copper from Majan started at the starting of the third millennium BC when no mining web sites had been identified in this period and that the oldest excavated mining web sites date back to the finish of the third millennium.

An essential function of this archaeological web site is the chronology of the settlement of much more than 1000 years from the finish of the fourth millennium to the finish of the third millennium BC.

Information Source: Muscat Daily

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